TU Delft
Year
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NEDERLANDSENGLISH
Organization
2010/2011 Mechanical, Maritime and Materials Engineering Master Biomedical Engineering
BM1100
Orthopaedic Implants and Technology
ECTS: 3
Responsible Instructor
Name E-mail
Nabestaanden van E.R. Valstar    E.R.Valstar@tudelft.nl
Instructor
Name E-mail
Dr.ir. R. Happee    R.Happee@tudelft.nl
Contact Hours / Week x/x/x/x
0/4/0/0
Education Period
2
Start Education
2
Exam Period
Different, to be announced
Course Language
English
Course Contents
Most people have first hand experience with the limitations and impact of trauma of the musculo-skeletal system: a sprained ankle severely limits your mobility and causes severe pain, but will heal without too many residual complaints.

However, diseases such as osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis - irreversibly destroy joints, and cause severe limitation of the patient’s mobility and produce pain. Today, 600 million people worldwide are suffering from the limitations and pain that are caused by arthritis.

In the end, these affected joints will often be replaced surgically with an artificial joint. Worldwide 1.5 million hips and 750,000 knees are replaced with a joint prosthesis annually. After a joint replacement, patients are normally pain free again and gain in mobility. A joint replacement is one of the most rewarding surgical procedures.

Ten years post-operatively, 5 to 10% of these prostheses – annually 150.000 cases - have failed and need to be replaced in a demanding revision operation. For total shoulder replacement these numbers are much higher: up to 44% of the implants have failed at ten years follow-up.

In this course you will learn to analyse, evaluate, and judge joint replacement prostheses with respect to their influence on the host bone, their function, fixation, and longevity based on the scientific state-of-the art knowledge.

Study Goals
Main intended learning outcome
The student should be able to analyse, evaluate, and judge joint replacement prostheses with respect to their influence on the host bone, their function, fixation, and longevity based on the scientific state-of-the art knowledge.

Sub intended learning objectives
The student should be able to:
LO1: Describe the function, role and organisation of the main constituents of bone tissue, and explain the bone remodelling process
LO2: Describe the hip, the knee, and the shoulder from a structural and functional perspective.
LO3: Describe the effects of osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis on the human body, understand the problems that patients experience.
LO4: Analyse, evaluate, and judge the design of orthopaedic implants, based on design rationales, peer-reviewed scientific articles, and national registers.


Education Method
This course will be taught in a number of highly interactive sessions and a mini-symposium. In addition to that, there is a visit to the Department of Anatomy at Leiden University Medical Center (LUMC) and a one-on-one meeting with an orthopaedic surgeon from the LUMC.

One of the class sessions is a hands on session in which you are going to place a real prosthesis in an artificial bone. The course is finished in a mini-symposium in which students will present the results of their assignments and there will be extensive discussions with the students and a basic researcher and an orthopaedic surgeon.

The class sessions will have a highly interactive nature and will have to be prepared thoroughly by the students. All assignments are carried out by groups of three students. For several sessions there will be an assignment that the students need to hand in before the session takes place.
In a larger assignment, which forms the basis for the presentations and discussions in the mini-symposium, students will focus on different controversies that still exist in orthopaedics.
Course Relations
This course partially replaces WB2431 Bone Mechanics & implants which was last given in 2007-2008.
Participation in the course ME1610, Bone and Cartilage is recommended but not required.
Assessment
You are assessed based on assignments that you hand in. All assignments are carried out by groups of three students. Students can pass this course only if all assignments have been handed in on time.

There is no additional examination.
Department
3mE Department Biomechanical Engineering